Asthma is a chronic lung disease that may last for many years. It cannot be cured. But can be controlled by medicine.
Coughing may be the only asthma symptom, without any wheezing. This may occur during exercise or when sleeping. Not all people with asthma wheeze.
Treatment can prevent asthma symptoms. It can also help make symptoms better.
During an asthma episode, it becomes hard to breathe because:
Anti-inflammatory medicines help by preventing/decreasing the swelling and mucus. Bronchodilator medicine opens narrow airways.
The cause of asthma is unknown. It is a chronic lung disease. Asthma is not caused by emotions. However, when people with asthma may get upset it can make existing asthma worse.
People with asthma have very sensitive airways that react to things called triggers. Common triggers for asthma episodes are:
Showing strong feelings
Changes in weather and temperature
There is no cure for asthma, but it can be controlled. Attacks can be prevented by working with you/your child’s doctor to:
To control asthma episodes, you/your child’s doctor will work out a medicine plan that includes:
The Asthma Control Test (ACT) gives a number score that lets you measure how well you are managing asthma. Take the test. Bring the test and score to you/your child’s doctor. He/she will help you with the best treatment plan. A score below 20 means you should see the doctor soon.
With proper treatment most people with asthma can: